Wildlife Rehabilitation Challenges in BC and Opportunities for Professional Advancement



Christina Carrieres, Vice President, Board of Directors, Wildlife Rehabilitators' Network of BC
Heather Schmitt, Board of Directors, Wildlife Rehabilitators' Network of BC

As our urban areas continue to expand and human-wildlife interactions increase, with it is a growing demand for humane care for distressed wildlife. This trend is paired with a growing public expectation that wildlife rehabilitators provide care that meets professional standards comparable to those in place for companion or exotic animals.

Barriers to meeting this demand include the position of wildlife rehabilitation centres as non-profit organizations relying on charitable support to provide a needed public service, a lack of available formal technical training, a high rate of professional burnout, succession planning challenges and uneven geographical access to wildlife rehabilitation facilities.

The Wildlife Rehabilitators’ Network of BC has begun a dialogue with rehabilitation professionals across British Columbia to explore how best to support the field and enhance wildlife welfare. The initial findings from this exercise have offered valuable insights into the common issues faced by the rehabilitation community and have provided a starting point for creating professional development resources.


  1. What is the current landscape of wildlife rehabilitation across British Columbia?
  2. What are the common challenges faced by the rehabilitation and wildlife welfare community?
  3. What connections can be created or strengthened among rehabilitation facilities and other animal welfare professionals?


Christina Carrieres is an Animal Health Technologist, a Certified Wildlife Rehabilitator and an instructor for the International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council. She worked at BC SPCA Wild ARC for more than 12 years, where she led a team of wildlife rehabilitation staff and volunteers treating more than 3,000 wild patients every year. She is originally from Montreal, where she worked with marine mammals at the Parc Aquarium de Québec for some time before moving to Victoria in 2003 to complete a Double Major in Biology and Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria.

Christina is the Vice President of the Wildlife Rehabilitator’s Network of BC, the Vice President of the Oiled Wildlife Society of BC, and the WRNBC trustee within the Oiled Wildlife Trust of British Columbia. She also volunteers with Vets for Pets, a local organization that provides free basic medical care to low income and homeless people’s pets and is a member of the Canadian Animal Assistance Team.

Over the years, she has completed a number of training courses and has gained experience volunteering in various wildlife rehabilitation centres in different countries, such as Guatemala, Belize, South Africa and the US (Hawaii) where she worked with endangered species. She also attended numerous conferences related to wildlife in order to provide the best possible care for Vancouver Island’s wild patients.

Heather Schmitt is a Certified Volunteer Administrator and completed a Bachelor's degree in Environmental Studies from the University of Victoria, as well as a Master's degree in Environmental Studies from Queen's University. She has worked at two of the busiest wildlife rehabilitation centres in Canada, serving as Assistant Manager at BC SPCA's Wild ARC, and staffing the emergency wildlife hotline at Toronto Wildlife Centre. Heather is on the Board of Directors for the Wildlife Rehabilitators’ Network of BC, and has furthered her knowledge of the wildlife rehabilitation field by attending numerous conferences and completing the Oiled Wildlife Society's First Responder training.